In this thesis diet and health of people who lived in southern Sweden 2300-1100 BCE is studied. The study is based on bio-archaeological analyses of human remains from 46 localities in the areas of Uppland, Närke, Östergötland, Västergötland, and Scania. The studies are based on skeletal remains from a minimum number of 310 individuals that have been analysed both osteologically and biochemically. The thesis constitutes five papers and a synthesis, in which diet and health, related to agro-pastoral intensification and
increased social stratification, is explored and discussed.